Latino Dogs You May Not Have Heard Of

While the Mexican Chihuahua may get all the attention, their are many more dog breeds that trace their origins back to Latin America.

Argentine Pila DogThe Argentine Pila dog is a hairless breed characteristically found in the north-western provinces of Argentina. They were brought to Argentina during the early 15th Century Inca colonization, were they developed as their own breed.

Fun Facts: During Spanish colonial times and well into the 20th Century, Pilas were held in high esteem by aboriginal, middle class and peasant families in the Argentine Northwest, who gave them this name using the colloquial Spanish term for ‘hairless’ or ‘naked’. They were appreciated for their warm skin and served as bed warmers and therapeutic heating pads, especially for older people suffering from rheumatism.


Brazilian TerrierThe Brazilian Terrier is one of the two native breeds of Brazil. Jack Russell Terriers were brought to Brazil from Europe in the 1800s and served as the nearest ancestor of the Brazilian Terrier. Breeds such as Miniature Pinschers and large Chihuahuas were also crossed with J.R. Terriers to develop this dog.

Fun Fact:  Rarely found outside Brazil don’t let this dogs small statue fool you. Brazilian Terriers do not like to be in small homes and need big yards to expel all their energy.



Dogo Argentino

The Dogo Argentino is a large, white, muscular dog that was developed in Argentina primarily for the purpose of big-game hunting, including wild boar and puma.  It was first bred in 1928, from the (now extinct) Cordoba Fighting Dog along with a wide array of other breeds including, but not limited to, the Great Dane.

Fun Fact: The Dogo Argentino is banned in certain countries such as Ukraine, Iceland, Australia and Singapore. In the U.S. it has been banned in certain cities including Aurora Colorado and New York.



Chilean Fox TerrierThe Chilean Fox Terrier, also known as Ratonero (rat hunter), Chilean Rat Terrier or Chilean Terrier, is the first Chilean breed of dog existing from 1870 and standardised in the late 1990s for international recognition. Its base is made up of the Fox Terrier of the mid 19th century and Native American dogs.

Fun Fact: A famous Chilean Fox Terrier is Washington (from the comic “Condorito“), Condorito’s dog.


Cimarrón UruguayoThe Cimarrón Uruguayo (Uruguayan Cimarron) originated in Uruguay. The Cimarrón Uruguayo descends from European dogs brought by early colonizers, and released or abandoned. The dogs adapted to living in the wild in Uruguay.

Fun Fact: The Cimarrón’s survival story and fierceness has made it something of a national symbol, and the breed is the mascot of the National Army of Uruguay


MucuchiesThe Mucuchies (Venezuelan Sheepdog) is a dog breed from Venezuela. While their history is not clear, it is thought that the Mucuchíes developed from dogs brought to Venezuela by Spanish explorers, and settlers, and that their ancestors may include the Spanish Mastiff, Pyrenean Mastiff and theAlgerian Mastiff, as well as the Sheepdog of the Atlas or Aidi and the Pyrenean.

Fun Fact: In 1964, the Mucuchíes was named the national dog of Venezuela.


Mexican xoloitzcuintle puppy

The Xoloitzcuintle (or “Xolo”) is a hairless breed of dog, found in toy, miniature and standard sizes native to Mexico. The Xolo, is one of the world’s oldest and rarest breeds. Evidence shows that Xolos
actually accompanied man on his first migration across the Bering Straits.

Fun Fact: Xolos were considered sacred dogs by the Aztecs (and also Toltecs, Maya and some other groups) because they believed the dogs were needed by their masters’ souls to help them safely through the underworld.